They are arguably the oldest, and most baffling ruins on the face of the Earth. It is hard to imagine how they did not come to be known as one of the wonders of the world like the Great Pyramid. Spectacular in its own right, the Great Pyramid is, yet it pales in comparison to the ruins of Puma Punku in Tiahuanaco, in South America.
The ruins of Puma Punku are one of four structures in the ancient city of Tiahuanaco. Even with modern day technology and information, these structures defy logic, and confound those who seek to solve the mysteries that lie within them. The ruins of Puma Punku are said to be the most fascinating, and most confusing of all. Puma Punku is believed to have once contained a great wharf, and a massive four part structure. Yet all that remains today are megalithic ruins from some cataclysmic event in history.
A great earthquake? A comet that came too close to the Earth? A worldwide flood? These are all possible causes to the destruction of the once great structure that is now the ruins of Puma Punku. Not only is there evidence to support the claim of a cataclysmic flood, but there is even evidence to support the theory that people once lived there before such a flood even occurred.
The suspected flood could have happened somewhere around 12, years ago, and there is scientific evidence of tools, bones, and other material within flood alluvia, which suggests that a civilized people were there prior to any flood. Other evidence, that being carvings of bearded people that are not Andean, have been recorded throughout the area.
It is as if only master builders were allowed to come in and construct Puma Punku. All of the blocks are cut so that they interlock, and fit together like a puzzle. There is no mortar. There are only great stones that once fit together creating a structure some four levels high. If these people could have moved these large stones to this precise location, then obviously they also had a way to place them one on top of another, but how in the world was this accomplished?
There are no trees in the area, the nearest quarry is at least 10 miles away, and we have no records as to how any of this could have been done. As far as most are concerned, there is no way that the Andean people could have done this years ago.
There is one more significant thing to mention regarding the ruins of Puma Punku. Not only were these stones cut somehow, but they were finely cut. The cuts on these stones are perfectly straight.Pumapunku, also spelled Puma Punku, is the remains of a holy site in the jungles of Bolivia that has attracted much attention as of late. Located 45 miles west of the modern-day city of La Paz, Puma Punku is situated in the still-thriving city of Tiwanaku, high upon a desert plateau of the Andes Mountains, at an altitude of more than 12, feet.
Tiwanaku is significant in Inca traditions, the place where it was once believed the world was created. In this isolated part of the world stand amazing smooth stone structures featuring precision-made cuts, clean right angles, and expertly fitted joints.
The megaliths are among the largest on earth, with some weighing several tons. While many of the structures are still standing centuries after their inhabitants disappeared, most of the buildings are scattered and broken around the area, leaving researchers to wonder what possibly could have tossed around impossibly heavy buildings. Owing to the work of University of California — Berkeley researchers, Puma Punku mapping has brought the ancient archaeological site into perspective.
Gizmodo notes that Puma Punku was an advanced Andean architectural achievement. Even today, the stonework of the temple is considered so precise that ancient alien enthusiasts claim it was made by lasers and other extraterrestrial technologies. Archaeologists are baffled by what Puma Punku was and how it looked, said Childress. The purpose of the enormous structures has yet to be explained. Precisely cut H-shaped blocks at Puma Punku.
One fact that is undeniable, however, is that the entire region and its people were important in the ancient world of South America. Theirs was the dominant culture of the Lake Titicaca basin, with an empire covering vast amounts of area in present-day Bolivia, Peru, and Chile. Posnansky, who worked at the site for decades, estimated that Puma Punku was far older than academics surmised.
By examining the ruins and their relationship to the stars, the archaeologist dated the ruins to be an astounding 15, years old. And the question remains how primitive people could have created smooth and flawless right angles and circular holes in Puma Punku stones with crude hammers and chisels. Even today, the fashioning of these megaliths can only be accomplished with advanced diamond-tipped saws and drill bits.
Were there Puma Punku ancient aliens whose technology remains ignored? Some skeptics claim that the alien theory is nonsense, leaving Puma Punku debunked.
These stones, he wrote, suggest prefabrication not found at the other Tiwanaku sites. Dunning applied logic to the mystery, suggesting that perhaps the Puma Punku blocks were not chiseled, but rather poured using concrete or some such similar material.
However, no evidence has thus far supported the poured concrete theory. Overall, argues Dunning, Puma Punku may not be a fantastic feat too great for humankind.
Regardless of the opinions of skeptics, the Puma Punku mystery persists, because no scientist to date has given a probable explanation for the buildings and how they were constructed. While the site of Puma Punku in Western Bolivia remains a crowning achievement of Andean architecture, and it rivals sites found around the world, scientists have very few answers regarding the most basic questions of who, what, when, and why.
Modern archaeologists are not about to entertain the idea of using lasers, ancient alien visitations, or otherworldly means of transporting blocks of stone for miles without any mechanized vehicles. So where does this leave us? We may add one more possible clue to this story. It remains to be shown whether their forays into other dimensions offered these early people a special insight into how to create their megaliths or even how to contact beings who could teach them advanced methodologies.
Tasha Shayne. February 5, Test Alert message found here and some really long text to go with it in case of wrapping I want to see it Secrets of the Andean Temples: On the Trail of Viracocha. November 26, Members Portal. Though some claim the stone structures at Puma Punku were alien, archaeologists find no real mysteries there. Today we're going to climb high into the Andes and take a look at an ancient structure that has been cloaked with as much pop-culture mystery as just about any other on Earth: Puma Punku, a stone structure that's part of the larger Tiwanaku.
Puma Punku, which translates to the Doorway of the Puma, is best known for its massive stones and for the extraordinary precision of their cutting and placement. It's one of those places where you've heard, probably many times, that the stones are so closely fitted that a knife blade cannot be inserted between them.
Due to these features, Puma Punku is often cited as evidence that Earth was visited by aliens, Atlanteans, or some other mythical people who are presumably better at stonemasonry than humans. Tiwanaku is in Bolivia, up in the Titicaca Basin, about 10 kilometers away from the great Lake Titicaca. The Titicaca Basin is high; 3, meters 12, feet above sea level.
Half is in Peru and half is in Bolivia, and right on the border sits Lake Titicaca. It's in a vast region of the Andes Mountains called the Altiplano, or "high plain", the largest such plain outside of the Himalayas. The Tiwanaku Culture predated the Inca, and their history is known largely from archaeology, since they had no written language that we know of. The earliest evidence of habitation dates from around BC, but it wasn't until about AD that the Tiwanaku Culture truly developed.
At its peak,people lived in and around the Tiwanaku site, centering around Puma Punku and other important structures. Trade and farming flourished.
Exposing Puma Punku: 50 Unbelievable Facts About The Mysterious Ancient Ruins
Farming was done on raised fields with irrigation systems in between them. Decades of drought struck around AD, and the city of Tiwanaku was abandoned, and its people and culture dissolved into the surrounding mountains.
Five centuries later, the Inca Culture developed. So within the context of Tiwanaku, Puma Punku does not leap out as extraordinary.
However it does differ from the other structures at Tiwanaku, in that many of the blocks are shaped into highly complex geometries. There is a row of H-shaped blocks, for example, that have approximately 80 faces on them; and all match each other with great precision. Puma Punku's stones suggest prefabrication, which is not found at the other Tiwanaku sites.
In addition, some of the stones were held together with copper fasteners, some of which were cold hammered into shape, and others that were poured into place molten. Due to the complexity and regularity of many of Puma Punku's stone forms, a number of authors have suggested that they're not stones at all, but rather concrete that was cast into forms. We don't have any record that such technology was known to pre-Incan cultures, but that doesn't prove it wasn't.
What can be proven, and proven quite easily, is that there is no concrete at Puma Punku or anywhere else in Tiwanaku. Contrary to the suppositions of paranormalists, modern geologists are, in fact, quite able to discern rock from concrete. Petrographic and chemical analyses are relatively trivial to carry out, and even allowed us to determine exactly where the rocks were quarried.
Puma Punku's large blocks are a common red sandstone that was quarried about 10 kilometers away. Many of the smaller stones, including the most ornamental and some of the facing stones, are of igneous andesite and came from a quarry on the shore of Lake Titicaca, about 90 kilometers away. These smaller stones may have been brought across the lake by reed boat, then dragged overland the remaining 10 kilometers. Much is often made of the vast size and weight of the Puma Punku stones, with paranormal websites routinely listing them as up to tons TV's Ancient Aliens went all the way up to tons!Over the years, Ancient Origins has reported on thousands of archaeological mysteries that have not yet been solved.
Here we have chosen to highlight just ten of these ancient enigmas, from lost labyrinths to enormous geoglyphs, stone masonry with exceptional precision, mysterious figurines, and giant spheres. Perhaps one day we will find the answers to some of the questions posed by these intriguing sites. Lost Labyrinth of Ancient Egypt. For if anyone put together the buildings of the Greeks and display of their labours, they would seem lesser in both effort and expense to this labyrinth… Even the pyramids are beyond words, and each was equal to many and mighty works of the Greeks.
Yet the labyrinth surpasses even the pyramids. Yet today, nothing remains of this supposedly grand temple complex — at least not on the surface. Although the words of Herodotus have frequently been drawn into question, the detailed and consistent descriptions of the labyrinth from multiple sources indicate that it is a place that did indeed exist in the ancient past.
The researchers have faced numerous obstacles, but it is hoped that excavations can be launched in future in order to potentially shed light on one of the greatest mysteries of antiquity. One of the great mysteries of antiquity, is the final burial place of Alexander the Great. But is this really what happened all those years ago?
To this day, the burial site of Alexander the Great has never been found.Mystery of \
If and when it is, it is anticipated to be among the greatest archaeological discoveries of all time. The Enigmatic Nazca Lines of Peru. Located in the arid Peruvian coastal plain, some km south of Lima, the geoglyphs of Nazca cover an incredible km 2. They are among archaeology's greatest enigmas because of their quantity, nature, size and continuity.
The geoglyphs depict living creatures, stylized plants and imaginary beings, as well as geometric figures several kilometres long. The startling feature of the Nazca geoglyphs is that they can only really be appreciated from the air, raising questions about how and why they were created. Underground cities and tunnels around the world. Extensive underground networks and even entire cities have been found all over the world. It spans more than 8 levels going as deep as 80 meters with more than entrances to the surface.
In Egypt, the Giza Plateau has an enormous underground system that is a combination of manmade caverns and tunnels as well as subterranean rivers and passages.We may also earn commissions on purchases from other retail websites. One of the most mysterious ancient sites composed of supermassive megaliths and stones that appear to be worked with laser-like tools was built thousands of years ago in modern-day Bolivia.
Located not far from another amazing site—Tiahuanaco—the ruins of Puma Punku have puzzled experts for decades. Some 45 miles west of the city of La Paz in Bolivia, we find an ancient site that is unlike any other on Earth. Shattering traditional views on ancient cultures, the archaeological site of Puma Punku features incredibly precise stones, precision cuts, and polished surfaces on stones that have defied explanation for centuries.
Some of these rocks have been cut with such precision that they fit together perfectly and are interlocked with each other without the use of mortar. Even more fascinating is the fact that not a single sheet of paper can fit between some of these stones. In this article, we take a look at Puma Punk and its history, bringing you 50 incredible facts about one of the most mysterious archaeological sites on the surface of the planet.
Tiahuanaco may have been an ancient metropolis according to experts, as more than 40, inhabitants called it home. At its peak, the Tiwanaku culture dominated the entire Lake Titicaca basin as well as portions of Bolivia and Chile. In the vicinity of Tiahuanaco, experts excavated a mysterious object called the Fuente Magna Bowl.
The Ceramic bowl has Sumerian cuneiform and Proto-Sumerian hieroglyphic written on it.
Puma Punku; a Mystery That May Be Greater Than the Pyramids
Since Puma Punku is of great interest to scholars, the area within the kilometer separating the Puma Punku and Kalasasaya complexes have been surveyed using ground-penetrating radar, magnetometry, induced electrical conductivity, and magnetic susceptibility. The archaeological site is a treasure of ancient history located deep within the Andean mountain.
Puma Punku is located at an altitude of nearly 13, feet. The fact that no trees grew in the area challenges the idea that the ancient builders used wooden rollers to transport massive stones from where they were quarried. Mainstream scholars argue that the massive stones used in the construction of Puma Punku were transported thanks to a large labor force.
Researchers have found no evidence whatsoever that the ancient builders of Puma Punku knew about the wheel.
Despite the fact that Puma Punku is believed to have been built around AD, many researchers claim that this ancient site, just as Tiahuanaco, could predate the Inca themselves. Puma Punku is not isolated. It is part of a massive complex of temples, plazas and even pyramids, and is believed to have belonged to the ancient Tiahuanaco culture, which predates the ancient Inca by millennia.
Puma Punku features massive stones. Despite having been researched, analyzed, and studied by experts around the globe, not a single researcher has managed to explain how the ancient builders of Puma Punku managed to cut, polish and transport the stones at the site. Modern day engineers argue that the base of the Puma Punku temple was constructed using a technique called layering and depositing. One of the largest stones at Puma Punku is 7. Another massive rock at Puma Punku is 7.
Its weight has been estimated to be As noted by researchers, many of the joints are so precise that not even a razor blade will fit between the stones. One of the closest stone quarries used by the builders of Puma Punku was located some 10 km away, near Lake Titicaca.David is a blogger from the Chicagoland area. They enjoy researching ancient mysteries around the world. They are arguably the oldest and most baffling ruins on the face of the Earth.
It is hard to imagine how they did not come to be known as one of the wonders of the world like the Great Pyramid of Giza which, although spectacular, pale in comparison to the ruins of Puma Punku in Tiahuanaco, South America.
The ruins of Puma Punku are one of four structures in the ancient city of Tiahuanaco. Even with modern-day technology and information, these structures defy logic and confound those who seek to solve the mysteries that lie within them. These are all questions on the minds of those researching these ancient structures, and they are not easily answerable, if they can even be answered at all. If pyramids were almost superhumanly difficult to create several thousand years ago, then how much more difficult would it have been to build Puma Punku?
Puma Punku is believed to have once contained a great wharf and a massive four-part structure. Yet all that remains today are megalithic ruins from some cataclysmic events in history. A great earthquake? A comet that came too close to the Earth? A worldwide flood? These are all possible causes of the destruction of the once great structure that is now the ruins of Puma Punku.
Not only is there evidence to support the claim of a cataclysmic flood, but there is even evidence to support the theory that people once lived there before such a flood even occurred.
The suspected flood could have happened somewhere around 12, years ago, and there is scientific evidence of tools, bones, and other material within flood alluvia, which suggests that a civilized people were there prior to any flood. Other evidence, including carvings of bearded people that are not Andean, has been recorded throughout the area.
It is highly unlikely that any of the stones in Puma Punku were cut using ancient stone-cutting techniques, at least not those that we are aware of. The stones in Puma Punku are made up of granite and diorite, and the only stone that is harder than those two is the diamond.
If the people who built this place cut these stones using stone cutting techniques, then they would have to had used diamond tools. Not only were these stones really hard to cut, but they are also extremely heavy.
One of these stone ruins weighs in at about tons! These are big stones, and they are really heavy. The nearest quarry is at least 10 miles away from the site of the ruins.Pumapunku or Puma Punku Aymara and Quechua puma " cougarpuma," punku "door"; Hispanicized Puma Puncu is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, in western Bolivia.
It is believed to date to AD and later. Tiwanaku is significant in Inca traditions because it is believed to be the site where the world was created. The Pumapunku complex consists of an unwalled western court, a central unwalled esplanadea terraced platform mound that is faced with stone, and a walled eastern court. At its peak, Pumapunku is thought to have been "unimaginably wondrous,"  adorned with polished metal plaques, brightly colored ceramic and fabric ornamentation, and visited by costumed citizens, elaborately dressed priests, and elites decked in exotic jewelry.
Current understanding of this complex is limited due to its age, the lack of a written record, and the current deteriorated state of the structures due to treasure hunting, lootingstone mining for building stone and railroad ballast, and natural weathering.
The Pumapunku is a terraced earthen mound that is faced with blocks. It is On the northeast and southeast corners of the Pumapunku, it has metre foot wide projections that extend This structure consists of a stone terrace that is 6. This terrace is paved with multiple enormous stone blocks. It contains the largest stone slab found in both the Pumapunku and Tiwanaku Site, measuring 7.
Based upon the specific gravity of the red sandstone from which it was carved, this stone slab has been estimated to weigh tonnes short tons. The other stonework and facing of the Pumapunku consists of a mixture of andesite and red sandstone. Pumapunku's core consists of clay, while the fill underlying selected parts of its edge consists of river sand and cobbles instead of clay.
Excavations have documented "three major building epochs, in addition to small repairs and remodeling". The area within the kilometer separating the Pumapunku and Kalasasaya complexes has been surveyed using ground-penetrating radarmagnetometryinduced electrical conductivityand magnetic susceptibility. The geophysical data collected from these surveys and excavations have revealed the presence of numerous man-made structures in the area between the Pumapunku and Kalasasaya complexes.
Researchers have worked to determine the age of the Pumapunku complex since the discovery of the Tiwanaku site. As noted by Andean specialist, W. Isbell, professor at Binghamton University a radiocarbon date was obtained by Vranich  from organic material from the lowermost and oldest layer of mound-fill forming the Pumapunku. C14, calibrated date. Since the radiocarbon date came from the lowermost and oldest layer of mound-fill underlying the andesite and sandstone stonework, the stonework must have been constructed sometime after AD — The excavation trenches of Vranich show that the clay, sand, and gravel fill of the Pumapunku complex lie directly on the sterile middle Pleistocene sediments.
These excavation trenches also demonstrated the lack of any pre-Andean Middle Horizon cultural deposits within the area of the Tiwanaku Site adjacent to the Pumapunku complex. The largest of Pumapunku's stone blocks is 7. The second largest stone block found within the complex is 7. Its weight has been estimated to be Smaller andesite blocks that were used for stone facing and carvings came from quarries within the Copacabana Peninsula about 90 kilometres 56 miles away from and across Lake Titicaca from the Pumapunku and the rest of the Tiwanaku Site.